An electromagnetic pulse (EMP) is a very short burst of electrical energy. Solar discharge toward the earth is the most common source of electromagnetic energy today, and it has been happening ever since the sun came into being. Until the early 1800's nobody really had a reason to care about the EMP phenomenon.
In the early 1800's an Electromagnetic Pulse posed very little threat to our way of life. America had not entered the age of electronics and did not have integrated chips. The only real communication system we had was the telegraph, given to us by Samuel Morris in the 1830's.
Ninty years later, EMP has become one of the greatest threats to the modern world because it is capable of destroying integrated chips. Integrated chips process electrical information and they are the brains of most electronics today. We have become completely dependent on integrated chips in every aspect of life. Computers, cell phones, municipal water pumps, sewage systems, air traffic control, and most vehicles all rely on the use integrated chips to control them.
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